Roswell was incorporated as a town in Fulton County on February 16, 1854. The city is named for the original settler of the area, Roswell King. King, and others, traveled from the Georgia Coast with the hopes of investing in mining. After discovering that this area was close to the Chattahoochee River, King was inspired to build a major textile mill powered by the water. The Roswell Manufacturing Co. and the Roswell Mill played key roles in the development of the town during its earlier history.
There are a number of historic homes in Roswell, including Bulloch Hall, the childhood home of President Theodore Roosevelt’s mother, Martha “Mittie” Bulloch. The Archibald Smith Plantation is the preserved home of one of Roswell’s founding families.
The Chattahoochee Nature Center, located in Roswell, encompasses 127 acres and has four nature trails that wind through wetlands and woodlands.